As the name suggests, a low fat diet is simply a diet where the amount of fat consumed is restricted. Fat is calorie dense, providing 9 calories per gram; so by reducing the fat content, it lowers overall calorie intake, which can equate to weight loss.
A simple low fat diet generally involves reducing fat intake from foods such as butter, cheese, fatty meats, pastry, dressings and sauces.
There are three main types of fat: saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are found in plants and are generally healthy, although still calorie dense. Saturated fats, however, are linked to increase levels of LDL (‘bad’) cholesterol and are found mainly in animal products such as meat and dairy; these are the types of fats a low fat diet tends to limit.
A typical low fat diet is made up of wholegrains (such as oats), lean meats (such as turkey), white fish, reduced fat dairy, lentils, vegetables and fruit.
A low fat diet does not mean that all fat is excluded from your diet; some fat is necessary in the diet for the absorption of vitamins such as vitamins A, D and K.
There are a few simple steps to take that will reduce the amount of fat in your diet:
A low fat diet is suitable for anyone looking to lose weight steadily over a number of months. The diet could be of benefit for anyone displaying, or at risk of raised cholesterol level or high blood pressure. And, great for anyone looking for a straightforward diet without need to restrict or cut out too many foods.